Charging infrastructure for electrification of transports
Charging infrastructure for electrification of transports
There is a need to review the charging infrastructure at six terminals in Sweden in order to successfully convert a significant proportion of our vehicle fleet that runs city deliveries to electric power
There are several reasons why deliveries done by electric trucks is important for us:
• Our environmental goal is only to use renewable fuels in our vehicles and real estate at latest by 2025.
•Today the air quality in our major cities needs to be improved and electricity, and electric vehicles is needed to overcome this problem.
• High customer requirements.
• Changed buying behavior due to Covid-19. The number of home deliveries has highly increased during this period and the acceleration of e-commerce has taken us a few steps further and today we are where we were expected to be in a few years. This means that we will have to adapt faster than expected due to the new conditions in the market.
At our terminals charging will be done of heavy and small trucks, both during nighttime and fast charging during daytime in order to be able to operate efficient logistics. In addition to a larger number of charging posts in the terminal areas, the grid needs to be strengthened to cope with the increased load this will entail.
The project includes a pre-study in order to understand the needs and investments in high voltage systems to enable increased electrification. Some major retrofitting, as expanding transformers, pulling new high-voltage lines into terminal areas are highly likely scenarios. In addition, groundwork and installation of charging posts will be done.
Barriers connected to the project
• Local conditions
• Inadequate technology development
• Maturity of stakeholders
• Society has not progressed far enough in charging infrastructure
Risks connected to the project
• Today, a lack of knowledge connected to what is needed at each terminal (therefore preliminary study is included in the project) and cost is estimated
• The investment will be greater than what is justifiable
• Energy Shortage
• Skills shortage
Right now, we have an overview of the cost connected to our terminal in Stockholm. Out of this knowledge we have estimated the cost for the other five terminals in Sweden. Cost connected to terminals are: transformers, high-voltage line, installation of charging poles (both 22kW and 150 kW) and internal project management.
The cost in the category for electric trucks is the additional cost for the trucks. In other words, how much more expensive it would be compared to purchasing “ordinary trucks”.
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Sustainability Manager Catherine Löfquist
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Swedish green Recovery
The timing of the European Green Deal and the Climate law is excellent. Since around the time of the Paris agreement, there is an impatient willingness to act in the business sector, and we need authorities to catalyse this development.
The Swedish 2030-secretariat was founded to support Sweden’s ambition to decarbonize the transport sector. The Swedish Climate Law set an ambitious sector target for transport – 70 percent reduction of carbon dioxide by 2030. Through 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations the 2030-secretariat is supporting this ambitious development, independent of technical solutions or political parties. We are convinced that we need to work in parallel on behaviour, fuels (all low carbon or zero emission fuels) and vehicle technologies. All is needed.
We invited partners to send in proposals that fit well within Green recovery under the Green Deal. We have collected some 30 proposals, mostly in Sweden, in different areas using different technologies. We, the 2030-secretariat, are a Coalition of the willing with a focus on the target year 2030. There are many initiatives brewing in Sweden.
We strongly support initiatives like the Green recovery fund, and we see an increasing interest to take part. In this work we would like to stress the following:
• Allow for a multitude of solutions. We do not know which technology will be decisive, but we do know that many different technologies will be needed
• Changing our behaviour and the use of digital mobility is as important as legislation for vehicles or fuels. The 2020’s is the decade of digitalization, let’s invite digital solutions into the mobility sector
• Avoid having the good alternatives compete. The future is a combo; electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, biogas and some of the new fuels entering the market
• Do not separate fuels in generations or levels of sophistication. We are interested in the greenhouse gas reduction potential of the fuels, not what they are called
We sense a strong willingness to move forward, a season of change that is both needed and welcome. We hope that these initiatives can inspire. If you like an idea – steal it, if you want to participate, contact the person listed by the project. But most importantly, get inspired by what is possible.
The Swedish 2030-secretariat is made up of 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations joined in one common goal – supporting Sweden in reaching a 70 percent reduction of CO2 in the Swedish transport sector by 2030. We work in three areas, all equally important: vehicle technology, fuels and electrification and behaviour. All three important areas that need to deliver if we are to reach the climate target for the transport sector. The 2030-secretariat is independent from individual companies and political parties and does not favour any specific technology or solution. The reduction of CO2 is what counts. We are equally inspired by entrepreneurship and innovation as we are with grit, the on-going task of increasing efficiency. We need all to reach the climate targets.