eMethanol – a clear path to sustainable shipping
eMethanol – a clear path to sustainable shipping
International shipping annually emits approx. 940 million tonnes of CO2, accounting for 2,89% of global anthropogenic emissions in 2018. Unless mitigated, these emissions are projected to increase by 50-250 % by 2050. Shipping also accounts for approx. 15% of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and 5-8 % of sulphur oxides (SOx) emissions.
Liquid Wind has created an innovative, scalable concept for production of eMethanol, a carbon-neutral electro fuel (e-fuel) with huge potential to replace fossil fuel in hard-to-abate sectors such as heavy transport and the marine sector. The fuel produced, eMethanol, is a liquid e-fuel, that is easy to use, store and transport, and compatible with existing liquid fuel infrastructure.
Liquid Wind is currently developing their first production facility to demonstrate economical and technical feasibility for future flagship development. The concept is to integrate already proven technologies for electrolysis, carbon capture and methanol synthesis into a standardized portfolio of industrial-scale plants to produce the eMethanol, where Liquid Wind will work closely with established key technology and EPC partners.
To produce the fuel, CO₂ will be captured from biogenic CO₂ emitters, initially from the pulp mill industry, using efficient technology from Carbon Clean. The CO₂ will then be purified, concentrated and piped to the nearby eMethanol facility. Leading electrolyzer technology from Siemens will efficiently and cost-effectively convert water into hydrogen, by using renewable, ‘additional’ energy from wind farms. The biogenic CO₂ and green hydrogen will be combined with the use of Haldor Topsoe’s cost-efficient technology and proprietary catalyst to produce the eMethanol.
Each Flagship facility will produce 50,000 tonnes of eMethanol per year, which can replace 25,000 tonnes of marine (bunker) fuel use. Liquid Wind will be the first one to produce eMethanol at industrial scale, enough to power 3–4 commercial vessels and saving 80,000 tonne CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) fossil-origin emissions per year. For each tonne of biogenic eMethanol produced by Liquid Wind, 0.02 tonne tCO2e is avoided, leading to a net CO2 saving of 80,000 tCO2e per year once the replaced reference emissions is taken into account. In addition to CO2 reduction, methanol is a clean-burning fuel, emitting zero SOx and for which emissions of NOx and particulate matter are drastically reduced.
- Q1 2022: Reach financial close for Flagship project
- Q1 2025: Construction of Flagship facility completed, ready for eMethanol delivery
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Swedish green Recovery
The timing of the European Green Deal and the Climate law is excellent. Since around the time of the Paris agreement, there is an impatient willingness to act in the business sector, and we need authorities to catalyse this development.
The Swedish 2030-secretariat was founded to support Sweden’s ambition to decarbonize the transport sector. The Swedish Climate Law set an ambitious sector target for transport – 70 percent reduction of carbon dioxide by 2030. Through 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations the 2030-secretariat is supporting this ambitious development, independent of technical solutions or political parties. We are convinced that we need to work in parallel on behaviour, fuels (all low carbon or zero emission fuels) and vehicle technologies. All is needed.
We invited partners to send in proposals that fit well within Green recovery under the Green Deal. We have collected some 30 proposals, mostly in Sweden, in different areas using different technologies. We, the 2030-secretariat, are a Coalition of the willing with a focus on the target year 2030. There are many initiatives brewing in Sweden.
We strongly support initiatives like the Green recovery fund, and we see an increasing interest to take part. In this work we would like to stress the following:
• Allow for a multitude of solutions. We do not know which technology will be decisive, but we do know that many different technologies will be needed
• Changing our behaviour and the use of digital mobility is as important as legislation for vehicles or fuels. The 2020’s is the decade of digitalization, let’s invite digital solutions into the mobility sector
• Avoid having the good alternatives compete. The future is a combo; electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, biogas and some of the new fuels entering the market
• Do not separate fuels in generations or levels of sophistication. We are interested in the greenhouse gas reduction potential of the fuels, not what they are called
We sense a strong willingness to move forward, a season of change that is both needed and welcome. We hope that these initiatives can inspire. If you like an idea – steal it, if you want to participate, contact the person listed by the project. But most importantly, get inspired by what is possible.
The Swedish 2030-secretariat is made up of 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations joined in one common goal – supporting Sweden in reaching a 70 percent reduction of CO2 in the Swedish transport sector by 2030. We work in three areas, all equally important: vehicle technology, fuels and electrification and behaviour. All three important areas that need to deliver if we are to reach the climate target for the transport sector. The 2030-secretariat is independent from individual companies and political parties and does not favour any specific technology or solution. The reduction of CO2 is what counts. We are equally inspired by entrepreneurship and innovation as we are with grit, the on-going task of increasing efficiency. We need all to reach the climate targets.