Using existing biogas infrastructure to enable expanded hydrogen establishment

Using existing biogas infrastructure to enable expanded hydrogen establishment

Despite high hydrogen use in various industrial sectors, their use in transport applications has so far been very limited. On the other hand, the theoretical potential for hydrogen in road transport is very high. The challenge is to reduce the cost of hydrogen to the end customer and at the same time establish a nationwide network of refuelling stations.

The project aims to use existing biogas infrastructure to enable expanded hydrogen establishment by incorporating the concept as a case at a given location in Sweden for the implementation of hydrogen at a LBG/CBG filling station.

Hydrogen filling stations are often not profitable due to high investment, operating and maintenance costs and low turnover volumes. Costs can be reduced by scaling up, but this requires higher sales volumes than today. One option is to use existing infrastructure (production, distribution and refuelling station) for other hydrogen-containing fuels (e.g. methane) because biogas has already undergone the development that hydrogen is now facing and instead reforming the biogas to hydrogen at the filling station. The advantages should be that investments for the distribution of hydrogen are avoided, hydrogen filling stations can exist, although demand for hydrogen is low at the beginning and that the use, CO2 benefit and energy efficiency of biogas are increasing.

Climate benefits

According to the JRC (2020), WTT is -142.5 CO2 eq/MJ for hydrogen from biogas (manure)


Estimated budget is 2-4 MEUR per station depending on the capacity of the station


Proposed start is 2022 and completion of a station usually takes about 2-3 years

Contact information

IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet AB
Anders Hjort
+46 761 111 643

Swedish green Recovery

The timing of the European Green Deal and the Climate law is excellent. Since around the time of the Paris agreement, there is an impatient willingness to act in the business sector, and we need authorities to catalyse this development.

The Swedish 2030-secretariat was founded to support Sweden’s ambition to decarbonize the transport sector. The Swedish Climate Law set an ambitious sector target for transport –  70 percent reduction of carbon dioxide by 2030. Through 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations the 2030-secretariat is supporting this ambitious development, independent of technical solutions or political parties. We are convinced that we need to work in parallel on behaviour, fuels (all low carbon or zero emission fuels) and vehicle technologies. All is needed.

We invited partners to send in proposals that fit well within Green recovery under the Green Deal. We have collected some 30 proposals, mostly in Sweden, in different areas using different technologies. We, the 2030-secretariat, are a Coalition of the willing with a focus on the target year 2030. There are many initiatives brewing in Sweden.

We strongly support initiatives like the Green recovery fund, and we see an increasing interest to take part. In this work we would like to stress the following:

• Allow for a multitude of solutions. We do not know which technology will be decisive, but we do know that many different technologies will be needed

• Changing our behaviour and the use of digital mobility is as important as legislation for vehicles or fuels. The 2020’s is the decade of digitalization, let’s invite digital solutions into the mobility sector

• Avoid having the good alternatives compete. The future is a combo; electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, biogas and some of the new fuels entering the market

• Do not separate fuels in generations or levels of sophistication. We are interested in the greenhouse gas reduction potential of the fuels, not what they are called

We sense a strong willingness to move forward, a season of change that is both needed and welcome. We hope that these initiatives can inspire. If you like an idea – steal it, if you want to participate, contact the person listed by the project. But most importantly, get inspired by what is possible.

The Swedish 2030-secretariat is made up of 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations joined in one common goal – supporting Sweden in reaching a 70 percent reduction of CO2 in the Swedish transport sector by 2030. We work in three areas, all equally important: vehicle technology, fuels and electrification and behaviour. All three important areas that need to deliver if we are to reach the climate target for the transport sector. The 2030-secretariat is independent from individual companies and political parties and does not favour any specific technology or solution. The reduction of CO2 is what counts. We are equally inspired by entrepreneurship and innovation as we are with grit, the on-going task of increasing efficiency. We need all to reach the climate targets.