Hydrogen trains on Inlandsbanan

Hydrogen trains on Inlandsbanan

Hydrogen-powered fuel cells are a possible sustainable and long-term solution for operation on the 1050 km long Inlandsbanan, which today lacks the possibility of electrified operation. By using hydrogen produced with excess energy from renewable sources and  electrolysis, no CO2 emissions are emitted, only water vapor. Currently, diesel-powered trains with a low total efficiency and thus high operating costs on the Inlandsbanan are used.

The project intends to establish a green competitive hydrogen production at a number of locations along the Inlandsbanan and at the same time build a simple, robust and price-competitive logistics solution for hydrogen with the use of rail transport on the Inlandsbanan and connecting cross-lanes as the main distribution network. The project includes the conversion to a hydrogen-powered fuel cell concept for existing diesel-powered line locomotives but also to develop hydrogen-powered train wagons for power and heat supply of passenger trains in a none electrified railways.

Inlandsbanan AB has target to achieve zero greenhouse gas emission 2025. By replacing the existing diesel-powered machines with hydrogen fuel cell technology, a major step is taken in achieving the goal. The combination of fuel cell technology and hydrogen produced from renewable energy surplus contributes to not only achieving fossil free fuel but also to become an emission-free fuel production. The project will revolutionize the approach to how none electrified railways can contribute to achieve sustainability goals and will create new jobs in innovation, manufacturing, research, and development. Quick political decision post Corona are crucial to make sure that by 2026 the industrial sector can use the Inlandsbanan for zero emission freight transport corresponding to 1/5 of Sweden’s total freight transport by rail. This will favour the transfer from road to rail and in addition, hydrogen will be distributed along the Inlandsbanan, offering a renewable fuel to communities and industry along major parts  of Sweden and thereby enabling a replacement of today’s fuel in the transport system. Regional buses and trucks that need longer range than battery driven will have the possibility of using hydrogen at a reasonable cost which will accelerate the conversion to the use fossil free fuel.

The project will achieve a reduction of approx. 61.000 tonnes of CO2.

Climate benefits

The project will achieve a reduction of approx. 61.000 ton CO2.


Estimated cost 25 MEUR


Completed year 2026

Swedish green Recovery

The timing of the European Green Deal and the Climate law is excellent. Since around the time of the Paris agreement, there is an impatient willingness to act in the business sector, and we need authorities to catalyse this development.

The Swedish 2030-secretariat was founded to support Sweden’s ambition to decarbonize the transport sector. The Swedish Climate Law set an ambitious sector target for transport –  70 percent reduction of carbon dioxide by 2030. Through 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations the 2030-secretariat is supporting this ambitious development, independent of technical solutions or political parties. We are convinced that we need to work in parallel on behaviour, fuels (all low carbon or zero emission fuels) and vehicle technologies. All is needed.

We invited partners to send in proposals that fit well within Green recovery under the Green Deal. We have collected some 30 proposals, mostly in Sweden, in different areas using different technologies. We, the 2030-secretariat, are a Coalition of the willing with a focus on the target year 2030. There are many initiatives brewing in Sweden.

We strongly support initiatives like the Green recovery fund, and we see an increasing interest to take part. In this work we would like to stress the following:

• Allow for a multitude of solutions. We do not know which technology will be decisive, but we do know that many different technologies will be needed

• Changing our behaviour and the use of digital mobility is as important as legislation for vehicles or fuels. The 2020’s is the decade of digitalization, let’s invite digital solutions into the mobility sector

• Avoid having the good alternatives compete. The future is a combo; electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, biogas and some of the new fuels entering the market

• Do not separate fuels in generations or levels of sophistication. We are interested in the greenhouse gas reduction potential of the fuels, not what they are called

We sense a strong willingness to move forward, a season of change that is both needed and welcome. We hope that these initiatives can inspire. If you like an idea – steal it, if you want to participate, contact the person listed by the project. But most importantly, get inspired by what is possible.

The Swedish 2030-secretariat is made up of 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations joined in one common goal – supporting Sweden in reaching a 70 percent reduction of CO2 in the Swedish transport sector by 2030. We work in three areas, all equally important: vehicle technology, fuels and electrification and behaviour. All three important areas that need to deliver if we are to reach the climate target for the transport sector. The 2030-secretariat is independent from individual companies and political parties and does not favour any specific technology or solution. The reduction of CO2 is what counts. We are equally inspired by entrepreneurship and innovation as we are with grit, the on-going task of increasing efficiency. We need all to reach the climate targets.