St1 Power–to-Liquid (P2L)

St1 Power–to-Liquid (P2L)

Investment P2L facility at the St1 Gothenburg Refinery, for the production, of synthetic fuels, primarily targeting the aviation and maritime industries.

To achieve the CO2 reduction targets set at global, EU and national levels it is critical to include P2X solutions in sustainability strategies. Some companies are starting to seek solutions to turn their own emissions into profitable raw materials. Others have a clear target to start producing or using carbon neutral fuels, in a near future.

The decarbonization of traffic is a huge challenge and it makes the production of carbon neutral fuels a rapidly growing business. The opportunities are opening up for a wide range of companies and cross sectorial partnerships.

St1 is participating in a P2X pilot project located in Joutseno, Eastern Finland. The plant will use CO2 from Finnsementti cement facility in Lappeenranta and the excess hydrogen from Kemira’s production as main raw materials. CO2 and hydrogen can be brought together in a synthesis process, giving synthetic methanol as a result. In a second step the methanol can be processed into transport fuels.

St1 is scanning the market for P2X investment opportunities to follow the pilot project in Joutseno. A future investment opportunity to produce synthetic fuels is at the St1 Refinery in Gothenburg.

The project would include a system perspective and benefit from learnings and knowledge transfer from the Joutseno pilot. Key parameters would be electricity production from renewable origin, water supply, the H2 production process and infrastructure. Product alternatives and market opportunities will be evaluated but where primary targets would be Aviation and Marin. Policies and legislative regulations allowing for sustainable synthetic fuels are pre-requisites.

Disclaimer: Potential projects are on a conceptual level and neither sanctioned nor approved by relevant board

Climate benefits

Capacity 50 – 100 kt


Funding amount to be discussed and related to definition of scope. Minimum: 100 MEUR.


Construction period 3-5 years.


Per-Arne Karlsson
Director Public Affairs och Renewable Energy
+46 708 118448

Swedish green Recovery

The timing of the European Green Deal and the Climate law is excellent. Since around the time of the Paris agreement, there is an impatient willingness to act in the business sector, and we need authorities to catalyse this development.

The Swedish 2030-secretariat was founded to support Sweden’s ambition to decarbonize the transport sector. The Swedish Climate Law set an ambitious sector target for transport –  70 percent reduction of carbon dioxide by 2030. Through 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations the 2030-secretariat is supporting this ambitious development, independent of technical solutions or political parties. We are convinced that we need to work in parallel on behaviour, fuels (all low carbon or zero emission fuels) and vehicle technologies. All is needed.

We invited partners to send in proposals that fit well within Green recovery under the Green Deal. We have collected some 30 proposals, mostly in Sweden, in different areas using different technologies. We, the 2030-secretariat, are a Coalition of the willing with a focus on the target year 2030. There are many initiatives brewing in Sweden.

We strongly support initiatives like the Green recovery fund, and we see an increasing interest to take part. In this work we would like to stress the following:

• Allow for a multitude of solutions. We do not know which technology will be decisive, but we do know that many different technologies will be needed

• Changing our behaviour and the use of digital mobility is as important as legislation for vehicles or fuels. The 2020’s is the decade of digitalization, let’s invite digital solutions into the mobility sector

• Avoid having the good alternatives compete. The future is a combo; electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, biogas and some of the new fuels entering the market

• Do not separate fuels in generations or levels of sophistication. We are interested in the greenhouse gas reduction potential of the fuels, not what they are called

We sense a strong willingness to move forward, a season of change that is both needed and welcome. We hope that these initiatives can inspire. If you like an idea – steal it, if you want to participate, contact the person listed by the project. But most importantly, get inspired by what is possible.

The Swedish 2030-secretariat is made up of 70 partners from industry, municipalities and organisations joined in one common goal – supporting Sweden in reaching a 70 percent reduction of CO2 in the Swedish transport sector by 2030. We work in three areas, all equally important: vehicle technology, fuels and electrification and behaviour. All three important areas that need to deliver if we are to reach the climate target for the transport sector. The 2030-secretariat is independent from individual companies and political parties and does not favour any specific technology or solution. The reduction of CO2 is what counts. We are equally inspired by entrepreneurship and innovation as we are with grit, the on-going task of increasing efficiency. We need all to reach the climate targets.